Cyber Security Expo
CDMA versus TDMA by Sabareeshwar Natarajan on 03/01/07

In todayís world cell phone have become the single greatest tool in day today life. It has become a necessity that business associates should be able to communicate on the go. Thatís why it has become so important to make choices in choosing which handheld device one should go for. A handheld device is selected according to its features and benefits, like does it provide access to internet and email or does it look slick and more.

An important question when designing and standardizing cellular systems is the selection of the multiple access schemes. There are three basic principles in multiple access, FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access), TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access), and CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access). All three principles allow multiple users to share the same physical channel. But the two competing technologies differ in the way user sharing the common resource. TDMA allows the users to share the same frequency channel by dividing the signal into different time slots. Each user takes turn in a round robin fashion for transmitting and receiving over the channel. CDMA uses a spread spectrum technology that is it spreads the information contained in a particular signal of interest over a much greater bandwidth than the original signal. In TDMA users can only transmit in their respective time slot. Unlike TDMA, in CDMA several users can transmit over the channel at the same time.

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